Movement Disorders are neurological conditions that affect your body’s ability to move normally. Either voluntary movements are too slow, too small, or lacking (but without weakness), or there is an excess of abnormal involuntary movements. The former is also referred to as hypokinesia, and the latter as hyperkinesia.
Examples of hypokinesia include bradykinesia and rigidity (as seen in Parkinson’s disease), stiff-muscles, and hesitant gaits. Examples of hyperkinesia include tremors, chorea, restless legs, and tics. Some movement disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, can have both hypokinesia and hyperkinesia simultaneously.
- Cervical dystonia/ Spasmodic torticollis
- Cortical Basal Degeneration
- Dementia with Lewy Bodies
- Essential Tremor
- Huntington’s disease
- Multiple system atrophy/ Shy Dragers
- Parkinson’s Disease
- Progressive supranuclear palsy
- Restless leg syndrome
- Spasmodic dysphonia
- Tardive dyskinesia
- Tourette’s Syndrome
- Wilson’s disease
Treatments are recommended if the abnormal movements are troublesome. Treatment usually involves medications, but sometimes surgery can augment medications or provide benefits that medications cannot provide.